Medical Abortion – Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

Medical Abortion – Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects
What is the treatment?
When an unwanted,
unplanned or natural
pregnancy is deliberately terminated at
an early stage it is known an abortion. On occasion an abortion may take place
by itself, that is, naturally and there may be many factors to such kind of
abortion, mainly being stress or trauma. In such cases, it is called a 
miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion.
Medical Abortion is a type of service offered to women who do not want to continue
their pregnancy. In such cases, they may end their pregnancy either by using
Abortion pills or 
Surgery.
If you
have a doubt that you are 
pregnant or have confirmed your
pregnancy through a home test or an ultrasound test, make sure to consult a gynaecologist
immediately. If you want to 
terminate the
pregnancy, it is best to do it in the first trimester of pregnancy that is, in
first three months or 12 weeks of pregnancy. Thus, make sure to discuss all
your options with a gynaecologist. Early 
termination of pregnancy in
a proper manner also reduces the risks involved.


Terminating
a pregnancy is a big decision and one that is very difficult to make specially
for a women. Thus, it should be carefully considered for all pros and cons and
the women should also be mentally prepared to do so. In the case of any type of
dilemma, counselling may be opted for. One can either speak to their gynaecologist
about the repurcussions of an abortion or discuss it with a close friend or family
member whom you trust. Only after serious deliberation should an abortion be
considered as once done is an irreversible process.
How is the treatment done?
There
are typically two ways to terminate a pregnancy. The first method is known as a
medical abortion, this method uses abortion pills, MTP kit, Mifegest Kit and
other pills to terminate unplanned or unwanted pregnancy and the second method
is known as a surgical abortion which is to surgically remove the fetus from
the womb.
·       
MedicalAbortion– A medical abortion generally involves the consumption of medicines like
Mifepristone and Misoprostol to terminate a pregnancy. This type of abortion
can only be done if the pregnancy is less than 12 weeks. In a medical abortion,
two types of ‘abortion pills’ are taken orally  and bucally or vaginally within a gap of 24-48
hours, which induces an abortion similar to miscarriage.


·       
Surgical
abortion – This is generally done after 9 weeks of pregnancy, it is a very short
procedure in which the fetus is removed surgically. There are two types of
surgical abortion procedures and these include vacuum aspiration and dilation
and evacuation (D&E).
Vacuum
aspiration involves the use of a vacuum device or suction device which
effectively sucks out and eliminates the uterine contents via the cervix. Apart
from eliminating pregnancy, this procedure is also done in the case of
endometrial biopsy.
Dilation
and evacuation – In this type of surgical abortion, the cervix is first dilated
after which the uterine contents are surgically removed with the help of
forceps. Dilation and evacuation are generally done if the pregnancy is at the
max 12 weeks.
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Abortion
eligibility generally depends on the stage and duration of a woman’s pregnancy.
A medical abortion can be opted for before the pregnancy reaches 12 weeks,
after which a woman can only undergo a surgical abortion and should not try
medical abortion as that does not work.
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
There
are a number of countries which do not allow abortion after a woman has reached
24 weeks of her pregnancy. While women who are under 18 need parents’ consent
before they can get an abortion in a clinic.
Are there any side effects?
While
both the medical and surgical abortion procedures are quite safe, every
procedure and treatment do involve some risks. Abortion risks include –
·       
Development
of 
infection in the womb.
·       
Excessive bleeding may result after termination.
·       
The
cervix can get damaged
·       
The
womb can get damaged.
Medical
Abortion is safest if it is done at the earliest. In the case of any
complications, a gynaecologist should be consulted immediately and relevant
treatment should be started immediately. Opting for an abortion does not reduce
any chance of a future pregnancy.
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
Post
the abortion complete recovery is very important. The guidelines are –
·       
Have
sex only after 2 weeks, post the procedure to avoid any infection.
·       
Take a
pregnancy test to confirm if the procedure was a success. The test should be
taken about 4 weeks post the procedure.
·       
Oral Contraception,
Vaginal contraceptions should be used immediately after the procedure.
·       
Wait a
day post the treatment and then take a bath, primarily because you may still be
a bit weak from the medicine that was given to you for the procedure.
·       
Tampons
should be used only 4 weeks post the procedure to reduce any infections.
How long does it take to recover?
The
abortion procedure takes about two days to complete and the recovery period may
take about 2 weeks depending on complications and case to case basis.
What is the price of the treatment in USA?
In USA,
an abortion may cost from $200 – to $3000 depending on the kind of procedure
that is undergone. This depends if one is undergoing Medical abortion or
surgical abortion.
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
Yes,
the results of the treatment are permanent
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
An
alternative way of abortion includes the use of herbs to trigger a miscarriage.
This is known as herbal abortion but these are not recommended as they are not
fool proof.
Although
not entirely an alternative to abortion, having the baby and giving it up for
adoption may also be considered.

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